Turkish Martyrdoms Built Abroad for the Soldiers Who Were Killed or Taken to Different Countries as Captive During WWI

Turkish Martyrdoms Built Abroad for the Soldiers Who Were Killed or Taken to Different Countries as Captive During WWI

Cengiz Dönmez

Abstract

The Ottoman State fought on the Caucasian, Iraqi, Sina- Palestinian-Syrian, Yemen, Hijaz, Suez, Canakkale, Galician, Macedonian, Romanian, Iranian and Libyan frontiers during World War I. However, The Ottoman State and its allies were overwhelmed, and experienced a great loss in this war. To our great sorrow, hundreds of thousands of soldiers were killed and held captive. The martyrs who were killed in the frontiers were buried where they died. Those who were held captive - mostly by the English and the others like the Russian, French, Italian, Romanian and Italian- were taken to captive camps, and passed away there. After the war, based on different international treaties notably Treaty of Lausanne, 54 Turkish Martyrdoms were built in 26 countries where the war took place or Turkish captives were taken to. Of these martyrdoms, 36 are in the areas where the war took place while 18 are in the areas where our soldiers were held captive.

Keywords: I. Dünya Savaşı; Esir; Esir Kampı; Şehit; Yurtdışındaki Türk Şehitlikleri

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ISSN: 1307-9778 E-ISSN: 1309-5137

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