An Approach to Comprehend the Nation Building Process of the Early Period of Turkish Republic, Theoretical Discussions on Nationalism and the Civic/Ethnic Duality

An Approach to Comprehend the Nation Building Process of the Early Period of Turkish Republic, Theoretical Discussions on Nationalism and the Civic/Ethnic Duality

Murat Alakel

Abstract

After the Cold War era and globalization, the fall and division of some federal states also leaded to the need for redefining the relations between state and nation and citizen in the context of national culture
and subculture. It draws the attentions of the researchers with the rise of ethnic separatist nationalism, racism, xenophobia in the national, regional and global politics of post-national terms. It is a systemic change from the macro national state order into more non-state micro level actors as sub-national groups in the international system. Thus, new regimes and orders favor full liberalizations, politics, economics, democracy and human rights. Nowadays, Turkey tries to rewrite its constitution so as to deepen its democratic structure with the help of socio-political dynamics in post-election process. It will be designed as a social contract with the relations of state-society and individuals within the framework of universal democratic standards rather than ethnic, ideological, religious, gender exclusions. Our purpose in this article, to reconsider alternatives and discuss the various types of nationalist ideologies, ethnic versus civic nationalism, during the early Republican period after the Ottoman Legacy and the Millet system. Having expressing the political, social, cultural context of the terms (Turanism, Panturkism, Misak-i Millî) we have mentioned about national building process. At last, we elaborated the formation of new state identity, secular state and society, nationhood, citizenship, nationality and perceptions of the Turkish nation state model: one nation, one state, one language, one flag… 

Keywords: Milliyetçilik; Ulus Devlet; Türk Milleti ve Milliyetçilik; Etnik ya da Sivil Milliyetçilik; Ulus Devlet İnşası.

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ISSN: 1307-9778 E-ISSN: 1309-5137

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