The Grape Growing and Viticulture in Anatolia in Assyrian Trade Colonies Period According to Kültepe Tablets

The Grape Growing and Viticulture in Anatolia in Assyrian Trade Colonies Period According to Kültepe Tablets

Esma Öz

Abstract

According to Kültepe texts in the Assyrian Trade Colonies Period (B.C. ±1975-1723) in Anatolia grape was known well fruit. Inside of Kültepe tablets is understood native public’s has been earned by farming and animal husbandry from Ib period documents which especially Kültepe’s late phase representing that native public’s was more active role in the trade. Their cultivation of the indigenous fruits are grapes which was the first place. Grape, wine and fruit were as well as being consumed after some actions. Depending on the grape growing the viticulture was widespread in Anatolia. In debt bills belonging to the natives ina /ana/ warki qitip ka/iranim” “at vintage / until vintage / after vintage” in the form of the loan will be paid in order to specify it when the use of the agricultural terminology dating, viticulture, social and economic lives of the native people that was shaped and in Anatolia adopted as a cultural show that was an agricultural activity. Although inside of Kültepe tablets that had been a wine production center in Anatolia there is no direct information about the texts in which the expressions passing between the lines, Tegarama and Zalpa that are cities in the ancient Anatolia suggest that there might be centres of the wine production. 

Keywords: Kültepe tabletleri; Asur Ticaret Kolonileri Dönemi; yerli halk; bağcılık; şarap üretim merkezleri

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