Ottoman Pilgrim-Stations in the 17th Century: The Sample of Tuhfetü’l-Huccâc as the Booklet of Hajj Ali Beg, Chamberlain of Clerk of the Daybooks Ibrahim Effendi

Ottoman Pilgrim-Stations in the 17th Century: The Sample of Tuhfetü’l-Huccâc as the Booklet of Hajj Ali Beg, Chamberlain of Clerk of the Daybooks Ibrahim Effendi

Şerife EROĞLU MEMİŞ

Abstract

According to the Islamic belief, Muslims living in various regions, based on the principle of making
every Muslim who is free, mentally healthy and entitled to make a pilgrimage at least once in their
lifetime, have to live in Mecca in the first half of the month of Zilhicce. According to their distance from
Mecca, they used to make their way to Mecca and Medina in crowded caravans days ago. The most ideal pilgrimage route for Anatolian Muslims was the Syrian caravan route. This road, consisting of
Damascus-Amman-Karak-Ma‘an-Tebuk-Medain Salih- al-‘Ulâ and Medina line, was an important
caravan route that dates back to ancient times and connects Hejaz to Syria, and therefore to Anatolia
and Mesopotamia. It was connected to Istanbul and the Balkans through Adana-Konya-Akşehir and
Iznik in the west direction. Pilgrim candidates coming from these main roads and other secondary roads
connecting Anatolia from north to south and east to west would join in Damascus and set out to go to
Hejaz with the pilgrimage caravan created there.
The study aims to examine the book of Tuhfetu’l-Huccâc which is a pilgrimage guide that deals
with the characteristics of places of accommodation, cities and places of visit along the road from Uskudar
to Damascus and from Mecca and Medina, as well as the conditions of the pilgrimage and the duties to
be fulfilled in pilgrimage. Hajj Ali Beg described the places and conditions of the pilgrimage and asked to
present a collective index and guide to the Muslims who intend to pilgrimage. In this context, the study
consists of three parts. First of all, the author of the work will be briefly introduced. In the second part,
the subject and parts of the work will be examined in terms of language and spelling features, the reasons
for their writing and their content. In the third section, by comparing with similar studies, it will be tried
to analyze what Hajj Ali Beg said different about the period of his work.

Keywords: hac, hac yolu, seyahatnâme, 17.yüzyıl, Osmanlı Tarihi

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