Russian’s Moving of Armenians from Van Vilayet and Environs to the Caucasus in 1915

Russian’s Moving of Armenians from Van Vilayet and Environs to the Caucasus in 1915

Nejla GÜNAY , Güzin ÇAYKIRAN

Abstract

Following the founding of the new states with the aim of reaching the Mediterranean in the Balkans Russia realizing the difficulty of this task began seeking for ways. Russia planned to reach the Mediterranean via Eastern Anatolia. To this end she, on one hand, tried to win the Armenians and the Kurds over. On the other, she provoked them against each other and incited enmity between the Armenians and the Kurds. As a result of the Russian exertions some of the Kurdish tribes, such as the Bedirhans, approached Russia. Armenians, meanwhile, having decided to take their position in the ranks of the Russian Army began conscripting voluntary Armenian youth in Tbilisi. Upon the developments, some Armenians deserting the Ottoman Army to join the Russian Army, and some staying the Ottoman territories launched rebellions. Owing to the rebellions Russian Army easily marched over Van and occupied Malazgirt on 11 May 1915, Gevaş on 18 May and Van the city on 20 May 1915 with ease.

Keywords: Rusya, Ermeniler, Kürtler, Van, Göç Ettirme, Kafkasya

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ISSN: 1307-9778 E-ISSN: 1309-5137

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