Some Notes on Democrat Party, Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and Turkey-U.S. Relations in the U.S. Press (1950-1955)

Some Notes on Democrat Party, Prime Minister Adnan Menderes and Turkey-U.S. Relations in the U.S. Press (1950-1955)

Meral KUZGUN

Abstract

The secularity-oriented domestic policies adopted by CHP (the Republican People’s Party) regime, which held the power in Turkey until 1950 following the death of Atatürk, caused a state of unrest among the vast majority of Anatolian public. The strict economic measures taken across the nation during the World War II weighed down on the public. Having the particular support of the conservative population of Anatolian public engaged in farming, the Democrat Party came into power on May 14, 1950. In addition to these developments, the demands of the Soviet Union against Turkey’s territorial integrity and sovereignty resulted in the improvement of Turkey-U.S. relations. During this period of improved bilateral relations, the U.S. press often included the news about the Democrat Party’s actions, Adnan Menderes and Turkey-U.S. relations. Our aim in this study is to discuss the ascension to power of the Democrat Party in economic, political and religious aspects, and to set out the ever-growing TurkeyU.S. relations against the Soviet threat and the reflections of these relations on the U.S. press in the light of the Prime Ministry Republic Archives and the New Times newspaper.

Keywords: Amerikan Basını, Demokrat Parti, Adnan Menderes, Türk Amerikan İlişkileri

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