The Treaty of July 12, 1947 in Turkish-American Relations and Its Effects on Turkish Political Life

The Treaty of July 12, 1947 in Turkish-American Relations and Its Effects on Turkish Political Life

İhsan Ömer ATAGENÇ , Nuri Gökhan TOPRAK

Abstract

The treaty signed on July 12, 1947 possesses a considerable place in the development process of Turkish-
American relations after World War II. The ‘Truman doctrine’, named after the then US President Harry
S. Truman, has created a large security block covering Greece and Turkey, while the “Marshall Plan”
prepared under the Truman Doctrine was forming the economic aspect of this doctrine. The treaty dated
July 12, 1947 has built the military grounds of this process. The treaty both cemented Turkey’s place in
US foreign policy against USSR and determined the foreign policy direction of Turkey to be followed in
post-war era. The new foreign policy will also shape domestic policy in the short term and Turkish political
life will be designed according to the new foreign policy preferences. The most concrete example of this situation
is the attempt of President İnönü to the end the tension between Republican People’s Party (CHP)
and Democratic Party (DP) with July 12th Declaration. With the provisional termination of the political
crisis, the consolidation process of political life, which is defined as “multi-party”, but which can be defined
as “two-party” in essence, has begun. The consolidation process forced CHP to follow policies in line with the
political requirements of the period and caused its fundamental principles to be transformed. This will lead
to the emergence of a temporary analogy between CHP and DP.

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ISSN: 1307-9778 E-ISSN: 1309-5137

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