The Six Provinces (Vilayat-ı Sitte) Reform, came to the fore with the Treaty of San Stefano, which was signed after the 1877-1878 Ottoman-Russian War. The Treaty of San Stefano did not enter into force, but the reform project was included in the Treaty of Berlin. The reform project, which was especially followed closely by England, France, Germany and Russia, included giving new rights to Armenians living in Erzurum, Diyarbekir, Bitlis, Van, Sivas and Mamuretulaziz provinces in political, social, economic, legal and many other fields. Although Abdülhamid II had put the reform project on hold for a while, reform was put into practice in 1895. During the reform period, a great rebellion broke out in Van. Therefore, the reform was under the influence of this rebellion in Van. Despite this, the reform tried to bring a new face to the administration and social order of Van.
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